Friday, June 3, 2011

Dhaarratharramirri Season in Darwin

Late April, May, June, July, August South-east or dry season. Wind in east and south-east People nomadic; big wet-season camps breaking up. Systematic burning of all extensive grassed areas, communal drives for kangaroo, bandicoots, goanna. Fishing still important, with nets, grass barriers, in shallow waters on plains & salt pans.

The Yolngu have at least 11 plants that act as calendar plants. These are plants that act as conspicuous indicators of certain seasonal occurances that are important but difficult to observe. Generally calendar plants have distinctive flowers that indicate an animal food resource is at it's best and should be hunted or collected. Due to the variability of seasonal weather patterns, it is important to have recognised indicators of food resources available, so that the hunting period is optimal.*

Dharranggulk (Yolngu name) – Red Flowering Kurrajong – Brachychiton paradoxus: A small deciduous tree with large leaves and red flowers that grows in open forests and woodlands. The flowering of this species signals that baby sharks are ready to be hunted (they are considered a delicacy and are much sought after), that scrub fowls have laid their eggs and the eggs may be dug out of nests, and that mud crabs contain eggs, which are the same colour as the Dharrangnulk flower.

[*reference: 'Rirratjingu Ethnobotony: Aboriginal Plant Use From Yirrkala, Arnhem Land, Australia']

Right Now the Dharranggulk are in full bloom.

Aiteta iridias Adult Moth
Aiteta iridias Cocoon
Aiteta iridias Larvae
Asota orbona Moth
Bothriochloa bladhii subsp. bladhii
Brown Leafhopper - Alotartessus iambe Tended By Ant Papyrius sp.
Calomyrmex impavidus Ant Attending Aphid Aphis nerii.Feeding on Red Natal Grass Melinis repens
Calomyrmex impavidus Ant
Chalcidoid Wasp CHALCIDOIDEA sp. Unidentified Larval Leaf Galls
Grass Chloris barbata
Crotalaria goreensis Seed Pod
Grass Themeda triandra
Gum-treehopper Eurymelinae sp. Nymphs
Gum-treehopper Eurymelinae sp.
Hawk Moth Possibly Macroglossum corythus or M.hirundo Cocoon Thanks To Jim Tuttle For Identification Help
Hawk Moth Possibly Macroglossum corythus or M.hirundo Larvae Thanks To Jim Tuttle For Identification Help
HYMENOPTERA sp. Feeding On Pennisetum polystachion
Jewel Spinned Spider Austracantha sp.Spinneret
Ladybird Beetle - COCCINELLIDAE sp.
Monkey Grasshopper EUMASTACIDAE sp.
Paddy Bug - Leptocorisa acuta
Red Natal Grass Melinis repens
Thanatodicta sp.
Traminda aventiaria Larvae
Traminda aventiaria Adult Moth Green Variation
Traminda aventiaria Cocoon. Suspended between Container Roof and Bottom Leaf
Traminda aventiaria Adult Moth Brown Variation

No comments: